SUNDARBAN - The UNESCO World Heritage Site

Sundarban, the largest mangrove forest, is situated in the southern part of Bangladesh adjacent to the Bay of Bengal and Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna river delta along with the West Bengal of India. The forest covers 10,000 square kilometers, of which about 6,000 square kilometers are situated in Bangladesh. It was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.



Sundarban is called the lunge of Bangladesh. The contribution of Sundarban has a multidimensional capacity. Sundarbans are part and parcel of Bangladesh, not only for ecological balance but also for economic affairs. But one-third of it has already dwindled, which results in serious environmental threats to Bangladesh.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

Sundarban covers 40% of the forest areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a highly vulnerable country to the threat of being submerged. It’s a natural railing to save Bangladesh from natural calamities. The largest mangrove forest protects Bangladesh from coastal erosion, tsunamis and surge storm.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

For example, Sundarban reduced the damage during cyclone Sidr in 2007 and cyclone Aila in 2009. The characteristics of mangrove forests slow the flow of water, preventing sediment deposition. Besides, the forest ecosystem, full of life, energy and enthusiasm and rich in flora and fauna, provides habitats for about 6540 aquatic and terrestrial species. About 5,700 species are vascular plants, and 840 species belong to forest wildlife (Akhond, 1999). Sundarban’s Tiger reserve is known to have the most significant number of tigers in the entire world.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

Though it is not wise to evaluate the economic contribution of Sundarban because its contribution is invaluable, we find out the socio-economic inter-relations between Sunderban and habitats. Bangladesh agriculture-based country. Two third of the population are engaged in agriculture. Most of the people of the southern region depend on the Sundarban directly or indirectly for their livelihoods. People collect honey, timber, wood, leaves, organic medicine etc. Bangladesh is 5th in global fish production. The fisheries sector contributes 3-5% of GDP. There are a number of rivers which provide fish. Due to climate change, it is declaiming day by day.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

Sunderban is a famous tourist spot also. Sundarban National Park, Kotka beach, Hiron point, and Dublar Char are famous tourist zones in Sundarban.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

Climate in the Sundarbans is moderate. Air is humid. Full monsoon is from June to September. The annual rainfall average between 65" and 70". During ebb tide the forest becomes bare by 6-7 feet and at high tide (30 miles and hour) the entire territory of the forest floats on water.


SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN SUNDARBAN

Photo Credits: Mostafizur Rahman Jewel, M Abdullah Abu Diyan, Faiham Ebna Sharif, Linda Sykes, Rubaiyat Mansur Mowgli, Michelangelo Pignani, and a few images from open internet sources. We have been careful to contact all the copyright holders of the images used. If you claim ownership of any of the images presented here and have not been appropriately identified, please get in contact with us; we will be happy to make a formal acknowledgment in a future issue.